Sources of elastic deformation in steel frame and framed-tube structures: Part 1: Simpliﬁed subassemblage models
Three simple models for including the effect of beam–column joint deformation in the analysis of steel moment resisting frame and framed tube structures are presented. The first model, called the Fictitious Joint model, is based on two-dimensional frame analysis and is useful for preliminary analysis only. The second model, called the Krawinkler Joint model, and the third model, known as the Scissors Joint model, use an assembly of rigid links and rotational springs to represent the joint, and may be used in preliminary and final analysis of full structural systems. All derivations are provided in the form of “displacement participation factors”, which allow a detailed breakdown of the various components of subassemblage displacement.
When applied to isolated beam–column subassemblages, it is shown that all three modeling approaches produce the same general expression for computing deflections arising from shear deformations in the panel zone region. However, the Krawinkler and Scissors models do not include the effects of flexural deformation within the beam–column joint, whereas the Fictitious Joint model does. While not the dominant source of deformation, it is shown in the paper that the effects of flexural deformations in the beam–column joint should not be ignored.
It is also shown in this paper that the overall displacements predicted by the simplified models correlate very well with displacements computed from detailed three dimensional finite element analysis of the same subassemblage. However, the finite element analysis approach, taken alone, is not capable of providing a breakdown of the subassemblage displacements into components, such as panel zone shear, or column joint flexure. Part 2 of the paper presents a method for providing this information from the results of detailed finite element analysis.